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Begin Your Journey with C

To initiate your learning in C, you require the following:

  • A text editor for crafting C code
  • A compiler like GCC to convert the C code into a machine-understandable language

There are various text editors and compilers to select from. For this tutorial, an IDE (Integrated Development Environment) will be used by us.

Setting up the C IDE

An IDE is a software suite that consolidates the basic tools needed to write and test the code. Popular IDEs include Code::Blocks, Eclipse, and Visual Studio which are all free to use and facilitate both the editing and debugging of C code.

Note: Although web-based IDEs can be used, they typically have more limitations compared to their desktop counterparts.

We recommend starting with Code::Blocks. The latest version can be downloaded from here.

Let's Start with C

Create your first C file by following the steps below:

  1. Open Codeblocks
  2. Go to File > New > Empty File
  3. Write the following C code and save the file as myfirstprogram.c:
#include <stdio.h>, int main() { printf("Welcome to Fynd Academy!"); return 0;}

The above code might seem incomprehensible for now, we'll break it down in later chapters. For now, concentrate on running the code.

Executing Your Code

After writing the code, it's time to run it. In Codeblocks, navigate to Build > Build and Run. Your result will look something like this:

Welcome to Fynd Academy!

Great job! You've just written and executed your first C program.

Your C Learning Journey with Fynd Academy

Learning C with Fynd Academy is facilitated by our "Practice it Yourself" tool. It concurrently illustrates the code and the outcome, simplifying every new part you learn:

#include <stdio.h>int main() { printf("Welcome to Fynd Academy!"); return 0;} Welcome to Fynd Academy!

Practice it Yourself ยป

Fynd Academy Pathfinder

Track your progress as you embark on your learning journey. Best of all, it's complimentary!

<h2>C Special Characters</h2> <p>Strings - Special Characters</p> <p>Because strings must be encapsulated within quotes, C can misunderstand certain string structures, thus leading to errors:</p> <pre> char txtStructure[] = "We are the so-called \"Programmers\" from Fynd Academy."; </pre> <p>A reliable method to circumvent this issue is utilizing the backslash escape character. This character (\\) transforms special characters into string characters:</p> <table> <tr> <th>Escape character</th> <th>Result</th> <th>Description</th> </tr> <tr> <td>\'</td> <td>\'</td> <td>Single quote</td> </tr> <tr> <td>\"</td> <td>\"</td> <td>Double quote</td> </tr> <tr> <td>\\\\</td> <td>\\</td> <td>Backslash</td> </tr> </table> <p>The \" sequence is utilized to incorporate a double quote inside a string:</p> <pre> char txtStructure[] = "We are the so-called \"Programmers\" from Fynd Academy."; </pre> <p>The \' sequence is utilized to include a single quote in a string:</p> <pre> char txtStructure[] = "It\'s ideal."; </pre> <p>The \\ sequence is utilized to incorporate a single backslash in a string:</p> <pre> char txtStructure[] = "The character \\ is recognized as backslash."; </pre> <p>Additional popular escape characters in C are:</p> <table> <tr> <th>Escape Character</th> <th>Result</th> </tr> <tr> <td>\\n</td> <td>New Line</td> </tr> <tr> <td>\\t</td> <td>Tab</td> </tr> <tr> <td>\\0</td> <td>Null</td> </tr> </table> <h3>Pathfinder</h3> <p>Keep monitoring your progress - it's complimentary!</p>