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Begin Your Journey with C

To initiate your learning in C, you require the following:

  • A text editor for crafting C code
  • A compiler like GCC to convert the C code into a machine-understandable language

There are various text editors and compilers to select from. For this tutorial, an IDE (Integrated Development Environment) will be used by us.

Setting up the C IDE

An IDE is a software suite that consolidates the basic tools needed to write and test the code. Popular IDEs include Code::Blocks, Eclipse, and Visual Studio which are all free to use and facilitate both the editing and debugging of C code.

Note: Although web-based IDEs can be used, they typically have more limitations compared to their desktop counterparts.

We recommend starting with Code::Blocks. The latest version can be downloaded from here.

Let's Start with C

Create your first C file by following the steps below:

  1. Open Codeblocks
  2. Go to File > New > Empty File
  3. Write the following C code and save the file as myfirstprogram.c:
#include <stdio.h>, int main() { printf("Welcome to Fynd Academy!"); return 0;}

The above code might seem incomprehensible for now, we'll break it down in later chapters. For now, concentrate on running the code.

Executing Your Code

After writing the code, it's time to run it. In Codeblocks, navigate to Build > Build and Run. Your result will look something like this:

Welcome to Fynd Academy!

Great job! You've just written and executed your first C program.

Your C Learning Journey with Fynd Academy

Learning C with Fynd Academy is facilitated by our "Practice it Yourself" tool. It concurrently illustrates the code and the outcome, simplifying every new part you learn:

#include <stdio.h>int main() { printf("Welcome to Fynd Academy!"); return 0;} Welcome to Fynd Academy!

Practice it Yourself ยป

Fynd Academy Pathfinder

Track your progress as you embark on your learning journey. Best of all, it's complimentary!

Here's your text rephrased and converted to simple HTML format as per your request: ``` <h2>C If ... Else</h2> <p>We have learned that the programming language C provides us with various logical conditions from mathematics that are listed as follows:</p> <ol> <li>Less than: a < b</li> <li>Less than or equal to: a <= b</li> <li>Greater than: a > b</li> <li>Greater than or equal to: a >= b</li> <li>Equal to a == b</li> <li>Not Equal to: a != b</li> </ol> <p>You can implement these conditions to execute different blocks of code based on different decisions. The C language provides us with the following conditional statements:</p> <ol> <li>Use if to define a block of code to be executed when a specified condition is true</li> <li>Use else for a block of code to be executed when the same condition is not true</li> <li>Use else if to define a new condition to be tested if the first one is not true</li> <li>Use switch to specify several alternative blocks of code for execution</li> </ol> <h3>The if Statement</h3> <p>The if statement is used to define a block of code to be executed if a certain condition holds true.</p> <h4>Syntax</h4> <pre> if (condition) { // block of code to be executed if the condition is true } </pre> <p>A lowercase if must be used. Uppercase (If or IF) will raise an error.</p> <p>Look at the example below, where we test two values to check if 20 is greater than 18. If this condition is true, we print a statement:</p> <pre> if (20 > 18) { printf("20 is greater than 18"); } </pre> <p>We can also compare variables:</p> <pre> int a = 20; int b = 18; if (a > b) { printf("a is greater than b"); } </pre> <h4>Example explained</h4> <p>In the example above, we used two variables, a and b, to compare if a is greater than b (using the > operator). As a is 20, and b is 18, and as we know that 20 is greater than 18, we display the statement that "a is greater than b".</p> <h3>C Programming Exercises</h3> <p>Test Yourself With Our Exercises:</p> <h4>Exercise:</h4> <p>Print "Hello World" if a is greater than b.</p> <pre> int a = 50; int b = 10; if (a > b) { printf("Hello World"); } </pre> <p><b>Start the Exercise</b></p> ```