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Begin Your Journey with C

To initiate your learning in C, you require the following:

  • A text editor for crafting C code
  • A compiler like GCC to convert the C code into a machine-understandable language

There are various text editors and compilers to select from. For this tutorial, an IDE (Integrated Development Environment) will be used by us.

Setting up the C IDE

An IDE is a software suite that consolidates the basic tools needed to write and test the code. Popular IDEs include Code::Blocks, Eclipse, and Visual Studio which are all free to use and facilitate both the editing and debugging of C code.

Note: Although web-based IDEs can be used, they typically have more limitations compared to their desktop counterparts.

We recommend starting with Code::Blocks. The latest version can be downloaded from here.

Let's Start with C

Create your first C file by following the steps below:

  1. Open Codeblocks
  2. Go to File > New > Empty File
  3. Write the following C code and save the file as myfirstprogram.c:
#include <stdio.h>, int main() { printf("Welcome to Fynd Academy!"); return 0;}

The above code might seem incomprehensible for now, we'll break it down in later chapters. For now, concentrate on running the code.

Executing Your Code

After writing the code, it's time to run it. In Codeblocks, navigate to Build > Build and Run. Your result will look something like this:

Welcome to Fynd Academy!

Great job! You've just written and executed your first C program.

Your C Learning Journey with Fynd Academy

Learning C with Fynd Academy is facilitated by our "Practice it Yourself" tool. It concurrently illustrates the code and the outcome, simplifying every new part you learn:

#include <stdio.h>int main() { printf("Welcome to Fynd Academy!"); return 0;} Welcome to Fynd Academy!

Practice it Yourself ยป

Fynd Academy Pathfinder

Track your progress as you embark on your learning journey. Best of all, it's complimentary!

C Comments The Role of Comments in C Comments function as crucial components in explaining the coding process, enhancing readability, and temporarily disabling sections of code during troubleshooting or alternative code testing. C supports both single and multi-line commenting methods. Single-line Comments Single-line comments are signaled by two consecutive forward slashes (//). All text following // until the end line is disregarded by the compiler and is not processed during program execution. The following example illustrates this, as a single-line comment precedes a code line: Example ```html // Here's a comment regarding the code below printf("Greetings from Fynd Academy!"); ``` In certain cases, it may be preferred to place the comment at the end of the code line: Example ```html printf("Greetings from Fynd Academy!"); // Here's a comment about the code ``` C Multi-line Comments Multi-line comments commence with /* and culminate with */. The compiler will then ignore any text that falls within this bracketing: Example ```html /* The code below generates the phrase 'Greetings from Fynd Academy!' on the screen. It's highly effective and efficient. */ printf("Greetings from Fynd Academy!"); ``` Selection between Single or Multi-line Comments The decision between using single or multi-line comments is entirely your own. Typically, single line comments (//) are used for brief descriptions, while multi-line comments (/* */) are for longer explanations. It should be noted that multi-line comments are the only type allowed in versions of C predating C99, which was released in 1999. C Exercises Exercise Your Knowledge Exercise: Comments in C interact with specific symbols. Can you complete the missing elements? _Insert a single-line comment here_ _Insert a multi-line comment here_ Solve the Exercise Wrap up your exercise and check your answers. Happy coding with Fynd Academy!